Study of Subsurface Structural Image and Model Using 2D Seismic Reflection Method of Injana Field Area, Northeastern Iraq


  • Mustafa Abdulrazaq Ahmed Department of Geology, College Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Thair Thamer Al-Samarrai Department of Geology, College Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Suhail Ubaid Muhsin Oil Exploration Company, Iraqi National Oil Company, Baghdad, Iraq



Injana Field, Fault system, Asymmetrical narrow anticline, Seismic section, Synthetic seismogram, 3D structural model


The Injana field area is located to the north of Baquba city within Diyala. which was studied and interpreted by using 2D seismic data from the Oil Exploration Company. The study was concerned with the Jeribe Formation which is located within the Injana field area and belongs to the Tertiary Age. Two reflectors were detected based on synthetic seismograms and well logs of the Khashim Al-Ahmer-2 well. The structural maps were derived from seismic reflection interpretations to determine the location and direction of the basin. The depth maps were conducted depending upon the structural interpretation of the picked reflectors to show several structural features. Structurally, seismic sections show that the Injana area is affected by two types of reverse fault systems trending in a NW-SE direction, the first represents thrust faults affected on the lower Fars (Red Beds & Seepage) and the layers above it, the salt bed within Lower Fars Formation being as a detachment surface of this fault, the second represents two reverse faults affected on the bottom part of the Lower Fars (Transition beds) and the layers beneath. In addition, the reverse faults become dense in the north part. The structural maps reveal an elongated asymmetrical narrow anticline affected by one major thrust fault at Lower Fars Formation, and an elongated asymmetrical narrow anticline surrounded by two major reverse faults and consisting of three domes separated, Injana, Khashim Al-Ahmer and Khashab domes at the Jeribe Formation.