Assessment of Surface and Subsurface Drainage from Permeable Friction Course (As a Sustainable Pavement) under Different Geometric and Hydrologic Conditions


  • Safa Ali Hussein Building and Construction Engineering Technology Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq
  • Zainab Al-Khafaji Al-Turath University College‏, Baghdad, Iraq: Al-Furat Al-Awsat Distribution Foundation, Ministry of Oil, Babylon, Iraq
  • Thair Alfatlawi University of Babylon, College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Babylon, Iraq
  • Abdul-Kareem N. Abbood University of Babylon, College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Babylon, Iraq



Subsurface Drainage, Surface drainage, Permeable friction course, Permeable asphalt pavement, Runoff performance


The permeable pavement seems to be an established stormwater management solution that may be utilized in parking and low-traffic areas. These pavements can reduce the amount of runoff that reduces the environmental impact compared with a traditional drainage system. Traditional drainage systems, which carry stormwater runoff quickly to a stream by piped systems, cause increases in runoff volume, peak flow, and pollutants are taken to rivers. This paper tests permeable asphalt pavement in a purpose-designed laboratory apparatus. To understand the hydraulic flow conditions and the runoff performance that occurred within two layers of permeable and conventional pavement. The thickness of the permeable layer is 25, 37.5, and 50 mm, and the conventional layer is 80mm. An artificial rainfall covering an area of 1.5 ×1.0 m2 is constructed to study the relationship between surface runoff and subsurface runoff from a permeable pavement under different geometric design parameters of a roadway. Five slopes set at 0.0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10 % in a short direction, and four discharge as 20, 40,60 and 80 L/min are tested. The result demonstrated that 50 mm thickness is suitable for permeable asphalt pavement under the most slope, increasing subsurface runoff and decreasing surface runoff water.




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