Importance of Velocity Deviation Technique and Negative Secondary Porosity in Detection of Hydrocarbon Zones in Khasib Formation, East Baghdad Oil Field

  • Bashar A. Al-Juraisy Department of Geology, College of Science, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq
  • Maan H. Abdullah Al-Majid Department of Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, College of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.
Keywords: Velocity deviation, Secondary porosity, Negative porosity, Khasib Formation, East Baghdad oil field


The velocity deviation technique is one of the important techniques in hydrocarbon investigations, through which it is possible to identify the types and the content of rock pores. The current study aimed to demonstrate the benefit of this technique in discovering the oil sites of the Khasib formation in the East Baghdad oil field, as well as the possibility of separating the oil and gas zones by combining the velocity deviation technique with the anomalous primary porosity information that leads to negative secondary porosity. In this study, log data of three wells distributed in the study area (EB-04, EB-16, and EB-34) were used. From these data, the velocity was estimated by the sonic log, the porosity was estimated by the neutron and the density log, while the velocity deviation was determined by subtracting the velocity calculated from the density log from the sonic log velocity. The result showed that there is significant agreement between the secondary porosity values that turned positive after the oil effect was removed and the confirmed oil zones derived from the core information.  Also, there was a clear correlation between velocity deviation values above -500 m/s and the permeability zone of formation, which may reflect the importance of this technique in the identification of the permeability zone. Both techniques (Velocity Deviation and log porosity analysis) can be correlated to predict the locations of gas, large-scale fractures, and unconsolidated beds in sites of high negative secondary porosity and low-velocity deviation (under -500 m/s).