Lithological Study of Mishrif, Rumaila, Ahmadi and Mauddud Formations Using Vp/ Vs Ratio, Acoustic Impedance and Well Logging at Amara Oil Field, Southern Iraq
The lithology of four formations from the Cretaceous period (Mishrif, Rumaila, Ahmadi, and Mauddud) was evaluated using the Acoustic Impedance and Vp/Vs ratio cross plot from Rock Physics Templates. Dipole sonic logs in Am-6-Am-10 well log were used to calculate compression velocity then the estimated shear velocity using Greenberg Castagna equations. RHOB and VP logs were used to calculate Acoustic Impedance. The ratio of Vp/Vs was measured then used with Acoustic Impedance colored by shale volume which is measured from gamma ray log, porosity and water saturation to estimate lithology type of the considered formations using cross plots and rock physics chart in the Techlog software. The lithology of the formations found to be of high porosity limestone alternating with hard limestone layers and the shale volume increases in the Ahmadi formation. The water bearing zone was found in all Formations, this zone is indicted by high Vp/ Vs ratio and low AI. The hydrocarbon bearing zones were indicated by low amount of both Acoustic Impedance and Vp/Vs ratio and this observation was shown in Mishrif and Mauddud formations.