Estimation of the Radioactive Elements in Raw Materials Utilized in the Ceramic Industry, Anbar, Western Iraq

  • Ahmed O. Farhan Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
  • Ahmed M. Ahmed Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
  • Sabah. S. Farhan Renewable Energy Research Center, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
Keywords: Raw materials, High-purity germanium system, Ceramic plant, Al-Anbar


In the present study, The High-Purity Germanium system was utilized to Radionuclide concentrations of 10 specimens of raw materials utilized in the ceramic manufacture from the ceramic plant in Anbar, western Iraq. The concentrations ranged between 5.035-31.410, 11.330-33.870, 85.380-272.320 Bq/kg of 238U, 232Th and 40K, respectively, with an aggregate rate of 23.523±4.121, 23.616±5.308, 176.084±58.848 Bq/kg, respectively. The radiological aspects Were discussed by computing the gamma radiance parameters. Consequently, the qualitative activity level and gamma radiance parameters are less than the authorized Global Rate's worth of US Environmental Protection Agency (tandards. The prospective source of 238U, 232Th, and 40K in raw material specimens Has contained specimens a small number of radioactive minerals like monazite, chromite, zircon, tourmaline, titanite, and apatite, there are no appreciable radiation hazard indices to personnel's in the raw material department of the study region. The research recommends proposing new Iraqi standards that specify the permissible percentages of qualitative activity concentration also gamma radiance parameters to preserve the environment and human