Some Engineering Properties of Ancient Fire Clay Bricks Discovered at the Dilbat Archaeological Site, South of Hilla City

  • Ghadeer Ahmed Abed Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq
  • Jwad Kadhim Manii Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq
  • Jaffar Hussain Ali Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq
Keywords: Dilba, Tel Al-Deylam, Engineering properties, Bricks, Ancient Mesopotamia

Abstract

In this research, some engineering properties were studied for samples of fire clay bricks, which were selected from the study area, Dilbat or Tel al-Deylam, which dates back to the Middle Babylonian era 1500-600 BC in the southern part of the province of Babylon within the Al-Kifl district. The samples taken were subjected to many Engineering tests, which is the ratio of porosity, compressibility, density, and ultrasound examination (Vp,Vs), from which each of Young's modulus, Poisson's modulus, Bulk modulus, the Shear modulus was extracted, where the average porosity (23.06 )which ranges (27.30-18.53), density (1.09 ) ranges (1.52-0.89), water absorption(20.86) ranges (26.17-15.94), compressibility (5.10 ) ranges (9.96-3.31), Vp (1053) ranges (2410-350), Vs (737.1) ranges (1687-245), Young's modulus (1.89) ranges (8.82-0.11), Poisson's modulus (0.013) ranges (0.013-0.013), Bulk modulus (1.89) ranges (8.82-0.11), Shear modulus ( 0.92) ranges (4.32-0.05).

Published
2022-02-23