Geological Model of the Khabour Reservoir for Studying the Gas Condensate Blockage Effect on Gas Production, Akkas Gas Field, Western Iraq

  • Husam Sabea Midland Oil Company, Iraqi Ministry of Oil, Iraq
  • Jalal A. Al-Sudani Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Omar Al-Fatlawi Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords: Geological model; Builder software; Khabour Reservoir; Akkas gas field


The Khabour reservoir, Ordovician, Lower Paleozoic, Akkas gas field which is considered one of the main sandstone reservoirs in the west of Iraq. Researchers face difficulties in recognizing sandstone reservoirs since they are virtually always tight and heterogeneous. This paper is associated with the geological modeling of a gas-bearing reservoir that containing condensate appears while production when bottom hole pressure declines below the dew point. By defining the lithology and evaluating the petrophysical parameters of this complicated reservoir, a geological model for the reservoir is being built by using CMG BUILDER software (GEM tool) to create a static model. The petrophysical properties of a reservoir were computed using the notion of hydraulic units, and there are a number of basic steps to building a geological model, beginning with the creation of a single well model and then moving on to the distribution of properties. Depending on the variance in petrophysical parameters, the reservoirs were separated into seven zones. The Ordovician Formation (Khabour Formation) is penetrated by well Akk-1, which is included in the single well geological model to focus on studying the impact of gas condensate on gas production. The prediction of gas condensate wells production will strongly depend on oil banking evaluation and modeling. For this reason, well Akk-1 was chosen to build the model. Upper and lower sandstone units are characterized as the most important due to containing gas. The cost and risk to develop these reservoirs under severe conditions of pressure and temperature highlight the need to be able to confidently predict the recovery of gas and liquid drop-outs from Khabour reservoirs so, it is so necessary to predict the cost of this step in another paper.