Sequence Stratigraphy and Depositional Environment of the Zubair Formation in Rumaila Oilfields, Southern Iraq: Microfacies and Geochemistry

Authors

  • Hamid A.A. Alsultan Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq
  • Salih M. Awadh Department of Geology, College of Science. University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Mohanad R.A. Al-Owaidi Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq
  • Amer J. Al-Khafaji Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46717/igj.54.2B.3Ms-2021-08-23

Keywords:

Zubair Formation, Rumaila, Quartz, Stratigraphy, Petrography, Geochemistry

Abstract

In the Rumaila oilfields in southern Iraq, the Zubair Formation was deposited in a shallow environment as three main facies, delta plain, backshore, and delta front depositional conditions indicating a transition from delta front and delta plain to a highstand level due to the finning upward mode. The facies of the Zubair clasts show well-sorted quartz arenite sandstone, poorly sorted quartz arenite sandstone, clayey sandstone that has not been properly sorted, sandy shale, and shale lithofacies. The minor lithofacies were identified using well-logging methods (gamma ray, spontaneous potential and sonic logs) and petrography. The Zubair clasts are of transition environment that appears to be transported from freshwater and deposited in a marine environment forming many fourth-order cycles reflect sea level rise fluctuations and still-stand under tectonics developed the sequence stratigraphy. A misalignment between relative sea-level and sediment supply caused asymmetry sedimentary cycles. A shallower environment of shale-dominated rocks rich in organic matter and pyrite were exposed. The basinal shale of Ratawi at the Zubair bottom and the shallow carbonate of Shuaiba emplace on the Zubair represent the beginning of the delta build up (delta front and delta plain) to a highstand stage.

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Published

2021-09-02

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