RECORD OF KHURMALA FORMATION (LATE PALEOCENE – EARLY EOCENE) IN THE SULAIMANIAH GOVERNORATE, KURDISTAN REGION, NORTHEAST IRAQ

  • Kamal H. Karim Department of Geology, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan
  • Hyam S. Daoud Department of Irrigation, College of Engineering, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Abdulla R.H. Kuradawy University of Sulaimani Polytechnique, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Khurmala Formation, Sinjar Formation, Zawali Mountain, Darbandikhan, Iraqi Geology

Abstract

The present study focuses on the field, petrography and stratigraphic analyses of a thick and sparsely fossiliferous dolomitic limestone succession in the west, north, and northwest of Darbandikhan town from Sulaimaniah governorate. The succession thins toward northwest and east and located in the stratigraphic position of and Khurmala (or Sinjar) Formation (Late Paleocene – Early Eocene) between Kolosh and Gercus formations at the base and top respectively. The Khurmala Formation is a lagoonal crystallized limestone, dolomite with interbeds of different clastic rocks. It also contains an occasional occurrence of gypsum and rare gastropods, miliolids, and algae in some beds. Previous studies found the formation and described in Duhok, Kirkuk and Erbil Governorates while in Sulaimani area it not proved until now. The present article studied four different sections of succession (previously and indicated as Sinjar Formation) and correlated them stratigraphically with each other and with Khurmala Formation in its type section in the well K-114. The study showed that these sections belong to Khurmala Formation. The sections reveal many evidences and signs of the occurrence of Khurmala Formation in between Kolosh and Gercus formations. These signs are the occurrence of 160 m of dolomitic limestone (80%) with beds of sparsely fossiliferous limestone (18%) and conglomeratic limestone (2%)
in Zawali section on Shameran Mountain. The fossiliferous intervals contain lagoonal sparse and small miliolids, gastropods, pelecypods green and red algae. The formation laterally changes to Kolosh (in Mirade section) or partly to Sinjar Formation (in Dara Rash section). In the Mirade section, neither Sinjar nor
Khurmala Formation is deposited and yellow marly limestone, sandstone and few beds of conglomerate occupy their stratigraphic position.

Published
2018-05-30
Section
Articles