Slope Stability Analysis of Haibat Sultan Road Cut, Kurdistan Region, Iraq Using a Field Method

  • Varoujan K. Sissakian Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Iraq
  • Hamed M. Jassim Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Mark J. Vanarelli COVAN Engineering LLC, Westminster, Colorado, USA
  • Hassan O. Omer Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewler, Erbil, Iraq
Keywords: Bejerman Method, Slope failure, Landslide, Landslide Possibility Index, Northern Iraq

Abstract

The road that crosses the Haibat Sultan Mountain in the northern part of Iraq; is one of the dangerous roads in this region. To perform a slope stability analysis for the dangerous parts of the road, we have used Bejerman’s Method. We have reviewed satellite images of the road and all those potential areas were checked in the field; accordingly, eleven stations were recognized. Landslide Possibility Index was determined at the studied stations following Bejerman’s field method. The road climbs the southern face (dip slope) of the mountain through very hard carbonate rocks of the Pila Spi Formation, where the bedding planes daylight in the slope face near the road cuts. This produced many large landslides. Along the northern face of the mountain, the road runs through soft clastic rocks where joint planes in the rock mass intersect and daylight in the slope face near the road cut. In order to prevent future wedge failures, a 30 m offset was created from the toe of the slope to the road. In almost all cases, the Landslide Possibility Index indicated a moderate to very high likelihood for failure along all road cuts.

Published
2021-06-25