Geological Modeling for Nahr Umr Formation in Subba Oil Field, Southern Iraq
Geological modeling is very important in reservoir study, where it is described the framework of the structure and provided a distribution of petrophysical properties, the geological model helps to comprehend the fluid flow behavior affected by the heterogeneity of reservoir, also it is used to calculate oil initially in place and to choose the new well location in reservoir management. In this study, a geological model is built for Nahr Umr Formation based on data of 11 wells (SU-2, SU-3, SU-4, SU-5, SU-6, SU-7, SU-9, SU-10, SU-11, SU-13, and SU-14), including the location of wells, well tops, also contour map of the Nahr Umr Formation in Subba oil field is utilized. The structural model is constructed for the Nahr Umr Formation, which consists of two domes. The formation is composed of sandstone mainly interbedded with shale. The formation is divided into four units (B1, B2, C1, and C2) depending on well log data, each unit is divided into layers for getting better distribution of petrophysical properties, where unit B2 is divided to the number of layers is higher than other units due to its heterogeneity. The variogram is used as a geostatistical method to predict the petrophysical properties at unsampled locations, experimental variogram is calculated from well log data in a horizontal and vertical direction. The spherical variogram model shows a good fitting with the experimental variogram. Sequential Gaussian algorithm is used in distribution of petrophysical properties in a geological model which shows good petrophysical properties in unit B2 and unit B1, while units C1 and C2 are highly saturated with water.