Impact of Oxides and Physiochemical Properties of Agricultural Soil on Bioaccumulation of Toxic Heavy Elements in Wheat Grains in Yaychi, Northeast of Iraq

Authors

  • Hassan Ahmed Ali Al-Jumaily Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, Kirkuk University, Kirkuk, Iraq
  • Dunya Najdat Hasseb Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, Kirkuk University, Kirkuk, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46717/igj.54.1B.6Ms-2021-02-24

Keywords:

Toxic, Agriculture, Soil, Oxides, Bioaccumulation

Abstract

To investigate the potential link between toxic heavy elements in soil with soil physiochemical properties and oxides, as well as their impact on the bioaccumulation of these elements in wheat grains. Agriculture soil and wheat grains were sampled from Yaychi area, Kirkuk northeast of Iraq. Soil physiochemical properties, oxides and toxic heavy elements contents were determined. The average concentration of toxic heavy elements in soil was in this order Ni> Cr> Pb> As> Cd> Hg, and some of these elements had exceeded their average in earth's crust and Canadian Agricultural Soil Quality Guidelines. While in wheat grains the toxic heavy elements, contents were in the following order Cr> Ni> Pb> As> Cd> Hg. The soil physiochemical properties in the study area are shown to be medium alkaline, non-saline, calcareous, non-gypsiferous, inorganic and loam texture. It became clear from the correlation matrix that the toxic heavy elements except for arsenic have significant relationships with different soil physiochemical properties and major oxides. In turn, oxides and the physiochemical properties of the soil and its type reduced the bioaccumulation of these elements in wheat grains except for arsenic, as appeared in the present study, that toxic heavy elements do not accumulate in wheat grains. And among the studied elements, arsenic had the highest bioaccumulation rate in wheat grains, because its concentration in soil has been affected by only human activities.

Author Biography

  • Hassan Ahmed Ali Al-Jumaily, Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, Kirkuk University, Kirkuk, Iraq

    Prof. Dr. at department of Applied Geology, College of Science, Kirkuk University

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Published

2021-02-23