Description of The Karst Phenomena Spreading Along Stratified Sequence in The Western Desert of Iraq

Authors

  • Salam O. Al-Hetty Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
  • Amer Saadi Aljibouri Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
  • Ali M. Abed Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46717/igj.54.1B.8Ms-2021-02-26

Keywords:

Karst, Um El-Githoaa cavity, Barwana cave, Dipole-dipole array, Formation

Abstract

The study focused on two important sites containing many caves sites located in the west of Al Anbar Governorate. The first site is Um El-Githoaa cavity in Hit region, a cave or trunks was chosen to show the aesthetic of this cave in terms of its shape and dimensions. The maximum diameter is 22.1m, while the perpendicular diameter is 18.5m. It is a dome shape and the height of its roof reaches about 2m located in the stratigraphic sequence falls within the massive gypsum, Fatha Formation (Middle Miocene). Geoelectrical exploration was chosen on the southern side of the cave to check whether the sinkholes scattered in the area are connected to subsurface caves or not. Using a Dipole-dipole array was chosen along a traverse, shown there are three sub-surface caves. This indicates that these phenomena are widespread in the region. The second location is Haditha, Barwana Village which was chosen to study where the cave is located in unconformity breccia zone between Anah Formation (Upper Oligocene- Lower Miocene) and Euphrates Formation (Lower Miocene- Middle Miocene). Barwana cave extends to the north 30 m and then tends to the west extend about 1 km within fragile breccia layer with incoherent components and ends with a small opening at the Euphrates River. This phenomenon was not present in the hard gypsum rocks in the Hit region, it was observed to have a large oval shape

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Published

2021-02-23