The Reliance of the Earthquake B-Value on Depth and Focal Mechanism

  • Emad Abdulrahman Al-Heety Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
  • Osama J. Mohammad Department of Applied Geology, College of Science, University of Anbar, Ramadi, Iraq
Keywords: b-value, Focal depth, Focal mechanisms, Maximum likelihood

Abstract

The earthquake size distribution (b-value) is a significant factor to recognize the seismic activity, seismotectonic, and seismic hazard assessment. In the current work, the connection of the b-constant value with the focal depth and mechanism was studied. The effect of the study scale (global, regional and local) on the dependence of b-value on the focal mechanisms was investigated. The database is quoted from the Global Centroid Moment Tensor catalog. The selected earthquakes are the shallow normal, reverse and strike-slip events. The completeness magnitude (Mc) is 5.3. The maximum likelihood method is utilized to compute the b-value. The obtained results show that the b-value is decreasing with depth to range 10-20 km, then increases to the depth of 40km. The turning point of b-value (increasing of b-value) locates at the depth of the transition brittle-ductile zone. Globally and regionally, low, moderate, and high b-values are associated with reverse, strike-slip, and normal focal mechanisms, respectively, while locally, the relation between b-values and focal mechanisms shows different association trends, such as low, moderate, and high b-values are associated with normal, strike-slip, and reverse focal mechanisms and so on.

Published
2021-04-27