Geological and Structural Interpretation of the Beeston Cave, Bradost Anticline, NE Iraq


  • Azealdeen S. Al-Jawadi Department of Mining Engineering, College of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, University of Mosul, Iraq
  • Azhar K. Bety Department of Geology, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Iraq
  • Hadeer Gh. M. Adeeb Dams and Water Resources Research Center, University of Mosul, Iraq
  • Rayan Gh. Thannoun Remote Sensing Center, University of Mosul, Iraq
  • Nadhir Al-Ansari Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering Lulea University of Technology, Sweden



Beeston Cave; Geotechnic; Timespan; Scenario; Kurdistan Region; Iraq


A geological field survey was conducted in Soran District in the Beeston cave located in the Bradost Anticline, northeastern Iraq. The presence of an upper hole in the ceiling of the cave with a diameter of about 3 meters and a main gap dimension is up to 40 x 22 m was found through that. ‎ In combination with an analysis of the remote sensing data, a detailed geological survey of the caves with the surrounding areas and an engineering survey were carried out. The geological survey included the stratigraphic sequence of the area between the lowest and highest levels in the study area. It also contains setting and geotechnical parameters for bedding planes and discontinuities. The engineering survey included the measurement of cave dimensions, the distribution of stalactites and stalagmites, and the height of weathering terraces. ‎‎An analysis of engineering and geological data estimated the approximate timespan of cave formation, and the scenario for cave formation was prepared by adding remote sensing data that could be used in the future to determine other areas where such a cave could be formed. The study reveals the scenario of the cave formation, estimates the age of the cave, and the formation timespan of the cave creation.




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