Radiological Effects Assessment in East Baghdad Oil Field, Southern Area


  • Maryam A. Ibrahim Department of Geology, Collage of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Kamal K. Ali Department of Geology, Collage of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq



NORM; Radiation dose; Oilfield, Radioactivity in soil, Sludge, EBS oilfield


Radiological assessment for the East Baghdad oilfield-southern part was conducted in the current study. 10 samples (scale, soil, sludge, water, and oil) from the different stages of oil production were collected. 232Th, 226Ra, and 40K in the samples were analyzed with 40% efficiency for Gamma spectrometry. system based on HPGe. The findings indicated that the examined sites exhibit comparatively lower levels of NORM contamination, in contrast to other global oilfields. Nevertheless, certain areas, particularly those within separation stages, demonstrate relatively elevated NORM concentrations exceeding the global average in soil and sludge. The maximum value of 226Ra, 232Th, was found in sludge sample the findings indicated that over 70% of the sampled locations exhibited concentrations of Norm that surpassed the worldwide average values. The highest exposure dose rate readings within the study areas reached 0.13 µSv/h, which exceeds the worldwide dose rate of 58 nGy/h as reported by UNSCEAR. Radiation exposure dose and hazard indices were calculated using the concentrations of 232Th,226Ra and 40K within samples. Indeed, the indices encompass various factors, these metrics provide a comprehensive understanding of the radiation exposure and associated risks. The study indicated that the relatively more contaminated stages within the oil production stages are the 1st separation stage, desalter stage and the waste pit stage where the higher concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and exposure rates are recorded. Generally, the site exposes dose rate within an acceptable rate. Generally, the values of all hazard indices indicate that samples of some locations have values higher than the values recommended by UNSCEAR and ICRP.