Image Log Facies and Lost Circulation of the Dammam Formation in Rumaila Oil Field, Southern Iraq


  • Maysaa N. Shehab Department of Geology, College of Science, Basrah University, Basrah, Iraq
  • Fahad M. Al-Najm Department of Geology, College of Science, Basrah University, Basrah, Iraq
  • Mohammed H. Al-Kaabi Basrah University for Oil and Gas; President of Basrah University for Oil and Gas, Basrah, Iraq



Dammam Formation; Image log facies; Sequence stratigraphy; drilling; vuggy


One of the most useful logging tools for identifying losses and fractures is Formation Micro-Imager. Drilling through the Dammam Formation is typically associated with substantial nonproductive time due to severe and often entire drilling fluid losses. The majority of remedy this problem requires time for preparation, placement or setting. Combining conventional well log and FMI log associated with drilling data, a special study of the shallow Dammam carbonate formation penetrate by wells is accomplished. For a better understanding of the loss mechanism, Image log study was highlighted to imagine the loss zones and as such adapt data to advance loss prevention or cure future scenario. Five images and conventional logs available data associated with drilling operation documents were applied to suggest best subsurface stratigraphic facies in order to knowledge sediment environment of the Dammam Formation. Five image log facies were identified as representing the different environments within the different depths, large, fine vugs, carbonate layers, laminate interrupt, and laminate. The stratigraphy succession reveals shallowing upward from deep water represented by laminate facies to more disturbed water signified by vuggy large facies. There is six internal picks zone according to GR log sign D90 at the top of Rus Formation, D80, D70, D65, D60, D50 and D40. It has been clear that nearly severe or complete loss events limit intensively in D60 and D65 based on logs interpretation analysis associated with drilling data.