Evaluation of Limestone from Cretaceous to Tertiary Age in Kurdistan Region of Iraq for Heavy Duty Road Pavement


  • Avin A. Surdashy Department of Geology, College of Science, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Ahmed M. Aqrawi Department of Geology, College of Science, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq




Limestone aggregates, Hot Mix Asphalt, Marshall stability test


Aggregates have an important role in the development and quality of Hot Mix Asphalt pavement, Engineers prefer using different types of acidic aggregates as a dominant road pavement mixture. This study is focused on using a basic aggregate, for this purpose limestone is used as a replacement to sandstone and gravel in the Hot Mix Asphalt for base and binder course, due to its rough, tough, durable and stable properties, that adhere well with the binder due to its hydrophobic properties. A petrographic study and chemical analysis by XRF method was carried out for better determining the mineralogical and chemical contents. Los Angeles Abrasion test carried out for measuring abrasion of the limestone aggregates in Kurdistan Region Iraq from Cretaceous-Tertiary age in different sources of the Shiranish Formation in Pirat, Harir, and Safin, Aqra-Bekhme in Shakrok, the Pila Spi Formation in Pirmam, Khurmala Formation in Safin, the Euphrates Formation in North Qarachugh, and the Qamchuqa Formation in Bana Bawi, while the only last four formations selected for Marshal test depending on wear <45% according to Iraqi SORB, 2003 standards. The soundness test results showed that the selected four samples are within the required specifications. The aggregate-asphalt mixture molds were prepared with an optimum binder content of 4.7%, for the Marshall stability test, which revealed that all the selected four samples are suitable as a heavy-duty pavestone for the base and binder course, with BQ and Pm showed optimum stability results.