DIGITAL ROCK ANALYSIS: AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD TO PREDICT PETROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES, CASE STUDY FROM MISHRIF FORMATION
The digital core analysis of petrophysical properties replace the use of conventional core analysis by reducing the required time for investigation. Also, the ability to capture pore geometries and fluid behavior at the pore-scale improves the understanding of complex reservoir structures. In this work, 53 samples of 2D thin section petrographic images were used for analyses from the core plugs taken from the Buzurgan oil field. Each sample was impregnated with blue-dyed epoxy, thin sectioned and then was stained for discrimination of carbonate minerals. Each thin section has been described in detail and illustrated by photomicrographs. The studied samples include a variety of rock types. Packstone is the most common rock type observed followed by grainstone and packstone – wackestone. Floatstone and dolostone are noted rarely in the studied interval. However, the samples of thin section images are processed and digitized, utilizing MATLAB programming and image analysis software. The entire workflow of digital core analysis from image segmentation to petrophysical rock properties determination was performed. A focused has been made on determining effective and total porosity, absolute permeability, and irreducible water saturation. Absolute permeability is estimated with the Kozeny-Carman permeability correlation model and Timur-Coates permeability correlation model. Irreducible water saturation simply is derived from total and effective porosity. Also, some pore void characteristics, such as area and perimeter, were calculated. The results of Digital 2D image analysis have been compared to laboratory core measurements to investigate the reliability and restrictions of the digital image interpretation techniques.